Charlotte Anne Thynne was born in Longleat, Wiltshire, on 10 April 1811 and she was the youngest daughter and tenth child of Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath, and Isabella Elizabeth Byng, daughter of George Byng, 4th Viscount Torrington.
On 13 March 1829, Charlotte married Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch at St George’s, Hanover Square, London, becoming Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry. The couple were said to have met when the young duke came to visit Charlotte’s father and was so smitten with her, he asked for her hand in marriage soon after. The young couple went on to have three daughters and four sons.
In 1841, Charlotte was appointed as the Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria, after being personally selected by the British Prime Minister, Robert Peel, and it was the start of a lifelong friendship. Charlotte and her husband were staunch Conservatives and Walter was appointed as Lord Privy Seal in Peel’s ministry from 1842 to 1846. Charlotte also used her position in the royal household to advance the position of her brothers and her daughter, Louisa, would become Mistress of the Robes after her.
When Charlotte gave birth to her first daughter, Victoria Alexandrine, in 1844, the baby girl was named in Queen Victoria’s honour and the Queen was also named as her godmother. Charlotte resigned from her post as Mistress of the Robes in 1846 and was replaced by Harriet Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, Duchess of Sutherland, who had resigned from the role in 1841. The Mistress of the Robes was very much a politically appointed role and the job holder usually depended on which party were in control of Westminster, hence the frequent turnover.
Charlotte converted to Roman Catholicism in 1860, however it was a hard decision to make knowing the distress it would cause her Presbyterian husband but it was something she had wrestled with for many years. Charlotte and her friend, Cecil, Marchioness of Lothian, also Catholic, carried out many charitable works in Edinburgh and it was Cecil who had been instrumental in encouraging Charlotte to convert.
After her husband’s death in April 1884, Charlotte moved to Ditton Park in Slough, Buckinghamshire, where she continued her charitable works. When her third son, Walter, died on 3 March 1895, Charlotte never fully recovered from her distress and she died a few weeks later.
Father: Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath
Mother: Isabella Elizabeth Byng
Born: 10 Apr 1811
Died: 18 Mar 1895
Spouse: Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch
The Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry
Mistress of the Robes
The Dowager Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry
Born: 09 Sep 1831
Died: 05 Nov 1914
Spouse: Lady Louisa Jane Hamilton
Born: 05 Nov 1832
Died: 04 Nov 1905
Spouse: Cecily Susan Montagu-Stuart-Wortley
Born: 02 Mar 1834
Died: 03 Mar 1895
Spouse: Anna Maria Cradock-Hartopp
Born: 20 Oct 1839
Died: 21 Aug 1911
Spouse: Ada Mary Ryan
Born: 20 Nov 1844
Died: 19 Jun 1938
Spouse 1: Schomberg Kerr, 9th Marquess of Lothian
Spouse 2: Bertram Chetwynd-Talbot
Born: 10 Oct 1846
Died: 05 Feb 1918
Spouse: Donald Cameron, 24th Lochiel
Born: 06 Aug 1851
Died: 13 Dec 1908
Spouse: Walter Rodolph Trefusis